*Note – From here on the term “Naigunpō” will be used to reference the one from the Ueno Tamaki Kabunsho, while “Kōyō Gunkan” will reference the original
REFERENCE: Section #42 (pg. 140)
BEATING THE DRUMS, AND USING KUJI (9 SEALS OF EMPOWERMENT)
There are different methods of using drums in other countries¹. The following below is the methodology of the Shingen house.
- Beating of drums take place when grouping or drawing in the enemy. Or it is used in two types of preparatory methods. In these are the sequence, with the first starting with “Jo” (beginning), second is “Ha” (midpoint), third…etc².
There is verbal instruction for this. The following 2 points are when the commencement of a battle takes place with arrows.³
2 songs of praise meant for the Samurai commander and the Ashigaru leader
- 1st, if you are able to make good assessment of the enemy from horseback, your comrades will be in high spirits.
- Perceive everything.
These 2 songs above are for those who can be those individuals worthy of praise.
1) Before Japan became a unified country, it was broken into “countries”, or territories controlled by land owners. While everyone was considered to be Japanese, there was still a view of separation.
2) The use of these words is the same of that from the phrase “jo-ha-kyu” (序破急). These are 3 phases that are used to identify the different phases during gagaku (雅楽), which is an ancient style of musical performance.
3) The word used in the document is “kōshi” (嚆失), which is a tactic involving both sides shooting arrows towards each other upon the commencement of a battle.
REFERENCE：Section #42 (pg. 141)
一、御旗本 一、前備 一、小荷駄奉行備
一、後備 一、先衆 一、ニ之先衆
- Managing troops is not compatible with night battles, which is comprehensive knowledge that is needed when your mission is to head deep into enemy’s lands. There is a good and correct way of approaching the methods of military affair while utilizing the main army.
What the late Shingen wanted to see happen was to have troops being utilized from 10 territories. Or, there is “Fish Scale troop formation”, which entails having a hatamoto (vassel, usually of the Shogun) be in the lead at the front line while controlling a very large force that comes from 20 territories. This is of Takeda Shingen’s design, which is the 1st of its kind. The following are granted the command to do so:
- Baba Mino no Mori
- Naito Shuri Masa
- Yamagata Saburoe
- Kosaka Danjo
- Tsuchiya Saemon-no-Jo
- Yamada Magosaburo.
There are no other people in existence that can replace them.
When a large army takes up a formation, it is through the will of the hatamoto. This is because through fundamental judgment will an army know when it is appropriate to take up the “Hōen” formation¹, or when a decision needs to be made during night activities regarding an encampment switching from being the main location to a temporary one². It is all connected.
When an army has to be commanded into formation on the battlefield, this responsibility falls into the hands of the samurai taishō (elite general). This is the same with using bandits.
POSITIONING OF COMMANDING OFFICERS & TROOPS³
- Leading the main force
- Supplies team
- Commanding troops from behind
- 1st charge
- 2nd charge
1) Hōen (方円/方閊) = Troop formation involving lining up in 90 degree angles and/or circular pattern
2) The meaning here is that the encampment can be abandoned if the need arises.
3) In both documentations, these 6 are stated. However, no real indication of order.